How Many Catalytic Converters Are In A Lexus Es300
The catalytic converter is an important part of any engine design. It functions as a catalyst to break down harmful exhaust components such as hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides (NOx), and carbon monoxide.
Car manufacturers have engineered the placement and size of converters to be efficient at converting toxic gases while also accommodating for different vehicle designs. Different vehicles use converters that are either solid or hollow.
Some cars do not require one because they contain active oxygen generators (AOGs) that work effectively like a converter. AOGs produce small amounts of ozone which neutralizes some toxins in the combustion process.
Most new cars come with only a basic catalytic converter that does not work very well. This converter can only reduce about half of the NOx emissions! More advanced models now include a second stage converter that uses precious metals to remove more pollutants.
If you own a newer model car with no mention of a second stage converter, it may be time to consider replacing it.
Reasons to have a catalytic converter
Having a functional catalyst converter is a must for your car to work properly. This device helps reduce poisonous gases that are released into the air from combustion, such as hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides (NOx), or carbon monoxide.
Car manufacturers require you to have this equipment since it is a legal requirement in most states. However, not having one can potentially hurt your health and the environment.
Without a working catalyst converter, harmful chemicals are left to enter into our air, water, and soil life. Some of these chemicals can cause serious health issues, including cancer.
Luckily, there are many companies that produce aftermarket catalysts that do their job better than the ones that come standard with a vehicle.
What a catalytic converter does
Most cars have some sort of device that helps regulate emission levels. This device is called a catalytic converter.
A catalyzer is a catalyst, or chemical agent, which aids reactions to occur. In this case, it works by breaking down harmful gases into simpler molecules.
The lexus has three different types of catalyzers. Two are for nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions and one is for hydrocarbon (HC) emissions. Each type uses a specific metal to work effectively.
Catalysts with too much of an element will not function properly, leaving either no change in gas output or increased amounts of emitted gasses. The more of the catalyst you use, the better! That is why there is a recommended amount for each catalyzer.
Usually, manufacturers tell you how many grams of the catalyst are in each converter. They also may tell you what level of efficiency you should expect from it.
How to check the condition of a catalytic converter
The first step towards checking if your vehicle’s catalytic convertor is working properly is by making sure there are no broken pieces or cracks. If there are, they need to be replaced along with the entire system!
If you notice that your engine performance has diminished since installation, then it is time to do some more investigating. A limp running car will cause other people to wonder what is wrong, so make sure everything looks okay before heading home!
You can test the operation of the catalytic converters by pulling over at a light or somewhere safe where you don’t have much traffic around. Once there, sit for a few minutes and see how many cars go past.
How to perform a catalytic converter repair
While performing this service, make sure you do not touch any of the fins or ribs that help regulate temperature. These can be bent or broken during insertion or removal, which would prevent efficient heat regulation.
Be careful when pulling out the old one as there may be some residue left behind. Make sure to rinse it off properly!
Now that you are certain that your car is equipped with adequate cooling, start looking for an easy place to access the engine bay.
Most cars have the radiator located under the hood next to the battery. Check here first! If the hose connecting the two gets pinched or cut, water will never get to the radiator, causing it to overheat.
Another location we recommend checking is inside the car near the windshield. Here, look for wires coming from the converter. If you find none, the converter likely failed and was replaced.
If you run into trouble finding either one of these, give our experts a call at (888) 759-3449.
Tips for performing a catalytic converter repair
When working with catalytic converters, there are several components of the system that require maintenance to keep it functioning properly. The actual converter can get dry or burnt out, which prevents proper combustion of harmful exhaust fumes.
If you notice your vehicle having performance issues such as low gas mileage or slow acceleration, then it is time to check out the catalytic convertors. You may also experience smoke coming from underneath the vehicle so this should be checked as well.
At Automotive Parts Warehouse, we have some great information about how to perform a basic test on your car’s catalytic converter! This article will talk about what tools you need to do the test, as well as tips for ensuring everything goes smoothly.
Cost of a catalytic converter repair
The price of replacing your car’s catalytic converter is typically determined by two things: how much the technician or mechanic needs to do to install it, and what kind of warranty you have on your vehicle.
The first thing they will look at is whether there are any broken parts within the converter. If so, they may need to buy those new too! This is because a normal converter breaks down certain harmful gasses into more benign ones.
If nothing inside has failed, then they will either re-install the old converter or replace the whole unit. It all depends on if it can be found somewhere as a spare part or not!
But beware! Some vehicles use converters that cannot be repaired, even when they are totally destroyed.
How to tell if a catalytic converter needs to be replaced
The first step towards knowing whether or not your car is equipped with a bad catalytic convertor is by checking to see if there are any warnings displayed about it. If there are, then you should look into getting this part repaired quickly!
If however, you do not notice anything abnormal when trying to start your vehicle, then it is time to look for another replacement. Luckily, there are some easy ways to identify which one it is.
The most common type of converter is what we refer to as a three-catalyst system. This makes sense because each catalyst will help process certain types of harmful gasses that come from burning fuel.
There are only two other types: Two-catalyst and five-catalyst systems. Only one can be wrong though, so make sure yours is before looking further.
Tips for choosing a new catalytic converter
The second most important part of your engine is your catalytic converters. These work to break down harmful exhaust emissions such as hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide.
The way it works is by adding hydrogen atoms to the emission molecules. When there are enough hydrogen atoms attached, they no longer exist anymore!
Your catalysts come with instructions that tell you how many grams of HC, NO2 or CO you need to add per 100 kilometers (62 miles). General recommendations say to change them every 60-90 days depending on driving conditions.
Since we’re talking about cars here, make sure to check out our tips on changing your car’s catalytic converter.